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17 maja: Czy rząd powinien skupić się bardziej na dobrobycie a mniej na PKB?

opublikowane: 16 maj 2011, 13:13 przez Nieznany użytkownik   [ zaktualizowane 16 maj 2011, 13:50 przez Nieznany użytkownik ]
Niezależny politycznie tygodnik brytyjski The Economist (*) organizuje debatę online: Should governments focus more on well-being and less on GDP?, która odbędzie się 17 maja. Warto rzucić okiem. Główne twierdzenie debaty:
  • Happiness. This house believes that new measures of economic and social progress are needed for the 21st-century economy

    When the Americans declared independence over two centuries ago they also declared the pursuit of happiness, along with life and liberty, to be an unalienable right. Until recently, however, that has not featured as an explicit goal for governments. Rather, they have concentrated on objective measures of economic and social improvement, such as living standards. That is now changing. In Britain, for example, the coalition led by David Cameron is starting to gauge quality of life by asking people how happy or anxious they have been feeling, how satisfied they are with their lives and how worthwhile are the things they do.

    Will such new measures of well-being be any more meaningful than traditional indicators? Is the new focus on quality of life a welcome recognition that governments can and should promote happiness, or will it open the door to meddlesome states that intrude into people’s personal lives?

Przy okazji: miniona debata (3-14 maja):
  • Inflation. This house believes that a 2% inflation target is too low.

    From the mid-1980s, low and stable inflation rates helped usher in a Great Moderation in advanced economies, during which economic volatility declined and recessions became rarer, shorter and shallower. But this placid period gave way to the Great Recession and financial crisis. A too-low, 2% inflation target may have encouraged excessive financial borrowing and risk-taking. It may also have complicated central banks' efforts to fight deflationary pressures after the economic shock hit. Should central banks raise their inflation targets from the 2% level? Or would a higher inflation target create more economic volatility without improving central bankers' ability to combat financial excess and recession?

* The Economist nie jest naukowym czasopismem, a wydawanym przez The Economist Newspaper Ltd. w połowie należący do Financial Times. Funkcjonuje pogląd, że redaktorzy i zapraszani profesorowie reprezentują najczęściej neoklasyczne podejście. Dla odróżnienia, polski "Ekonomista" jest naukowym dwumiesięcznikiem, wydawanym staraniem Komitetu Nauk Ekonomicznych Polskiej Akademii Nauk i Polskiego Towarzystwa Ekonomicznego (ogólnopolskie stowarzyszenie zrzeszające ekonomistów praktyków i teoretyków, organizacja OPP).
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